Nature protection technologies

8.6. Analytics

Part 8. RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

8.6. Analytics

8.6.1. Actual Status and Perspective of Development of Renewables in Russia. National Policy and Possibilities of Regions and Business

М.P. Rogankov, E.E. Мikushevitch, V.M. Mikushevitch, Ecopolis ltd, Мoscow, Russia

This survey opens a series of articles on the certain technologies on renewables in Russia placed in the Information Electronic Constantly Updated Open System “The Best Available and Perspective Nature Protection Technologies in the Russian Power Industry” of the Moscow Power Engineering Institute (http://osi.ecopower.ru). It presents information on actual status and perspective of renewables development. The particular focus was made on the necessity of a system analysis and system decisions to provide development of renewables. Main components of a system approach are indicated. National policy towards renewables is analyzed, conclusions relating to possibilities of renewables development at the administrative regulation level in regions and at the business level.

Part 8. RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

8.6. Analytics

8.6.2. Green Energy of Kazakhstan in the 21st Century: Myths, Realities and Prospects

O.B. Antonov, Aikona Media LLP, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Renewable energy resources are natural energy carriers, constantly renewed by natural processes.

Renewable energy resources are based on the use of:

  • energy sources: solar radiation, energy of wind, rivers, seas and oceans, the internal heat of the earth, water, air;
  • energy of the natural movement of air, water flows and the naturally occurring temperature gradients and the density difference;
  • energy of biomass produced as garden wastes and animal residues, man-made forests and algae;
  • energy from industrial wastes, municipal solid wastes and sewage sludges;
  • energy from burning plant biomass, thermal processing of wastes of timber and woodworking industry.